What is Gastric Bypass?

Gastric bypass, which is a combined procedure with restrictive and malabsorption features, is one of the most frequently applied methods in bariatric surgery. Within the scope of gastric bypass surgery, the stomach is reduced to the extent that it remains in a small pouch, and the shrunken stomach is formed by taking a certain segment of the small intestine and connecting it upwards. Removal of the rest of the stomach in sleeve gastrectomy surgery is out of question in gastric bypass surgery. However, no food enters the stomach. As a result, the production of gastric juices and enzymes for the digestion and absorption of nutrients from the remaining part of the stomach continues.

Thus, after gastric bypass surgery, patients eat less food and take fewer calories as their stomachs become smaller. In addition, since the passage from the small stomach directly to the small intestine is provided, the absorption of high-calorie foods consumed is reduced, and weight loss is achieved. In other words, gastric bypass surgery helps weight loss by affecting obesity problems with two different mechanisms.

Gastric bypass, which is a surgical procedure, reduces the size of the stomach and small intestine of the patient and changes intestinal functions. Thus, it reduces the absorption of nutrients and calories and restricts food intake. Gastric bypass surgery reduces the size of the stomach and reduces the rate of absorption by reducing the way food travels through the intestines.

Why is Gastric Bypass Surgery Performed?

It is possible to prevent diseases such as obesity-related diabetes, thanks to gastric bypass surgery, which is applied to reduce stomach volume and reduce fat absorption. Gastric bypass surgery is one of the most effective treatment methods that can be applied to patients with morbid obesity. This is because gastric bypass surgery is an effective procedure for permanent weight loss.

Gastric bypass surgery changes the stomach and intestinal structures of the patients. Thanks to the resulting change, patients feel full faster and start to burn calories more efficiently after the surgery. Therefore, it becomes an extremely effective procedure for patients whose rapid weight loss becomes a health necessity.

What Should Be Considered After Gastric Bypass Surgery?

After gastric bypass surgery, it is very important for patients to follow their doctors’ instructions on nutrition. Otherwise, many serious problems may be encountered, especially if the operation does not provide the desired result.

Patients who have gastric bypass surgery gradually switch to liquid food, pureed food, and solid food nutrition after the operation. It takes an average of 1 month for the patients to start the puree nutrition program. Patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery lose weight significantly, especially in the first year after surgery. Five years after the surgery, some patients may need corrective surgery due to the enlargement of the stomach.

After gastric bypass surgery, it may be necessary for patients to take lifelong vitamin supplements. Patients should consider this possibility and make their decisions about surgery by taking all these factors into consideration.

Who is Eligible for Gastric Bypass Surgery?

Gastric bypass surgery is an effective surgical procedure applied to patients with obesity and other obesity-related health problems. The purpose of the procedure, which includes reducing the stomach section and combining the stomach with the small intestine, is to reduce the amount of food consumed by the patient and to achieve weight loss.

Gastric bypass can be applied to patients who are overweight due to obesity and who have tried other weight loss methods but failed. Patients who are expected to achieve significant weight loss with surgery and who experience obesity-related health problems are candidates for gastric bypass surgery.

Although the patient’s body mass index is very important for the application of gastric bypass surgery, it cannot be applied to everyone who has obesity problems. While making the decision to perform gastric bypass surgery, the general health status of the patient, the risks of the surgery, the desired result, and many other factors are taken into consideration.

It is important that the patients who will undergo gastric bypass surgery have good cardiovascular health. Since the administration of anesthesia can be risky for patients with respiratory disorders, the decision for surgery should be made as a result of meticulous evaluations.

Since bariatric surgery procedures are a surgery used in the treatment of diseases such as endocrine system disorders, it is an obstacle to applying gastric bypass surgery to diabetic patients. However, the decision for the operation should be given to each patient after the evaluations made.

What are the Advantages of Gastric Bypass Surgery?

Patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery can lose a significant amount of weight that can improve their overall health and quality of life. Since the stomach capacity is reduced and intestinal absorption is somewhat impaired, patients feel full faster. Since they take about 30% fewer calories in foods, slimming times are shortened.

In addition, gastric bypass surgery is effective in improving or resolving various health conditions such as hypertension, type-2 diabetes, and sleep apnea. Since the fundus region where Ghrelin, that is, the hunger hormone is produced, is blocked from the stomach with gastric bypass surgery, patients with reduced appetite feel less hungry.

Since the surgery can be performed using the laparoscopic method, the wound healing rate is much higher. The pain is less, and the hospitalization is shorter under normal conditions.

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