GENERAL SURGERY

Inguinal Hernia Surgery

What Is Inguinal Hernia?

There are three different types of inguinal hernia called Inguinal Hermi, and the incidence in men is three times higher than in women. Among all hernias, the ratio of the most common inguinal hernia to other hernias is 80%. Any tear, deformation, etc.that occurs in the abdominal wall, the tissues are abnormally oriented outwards, creating swelling on the surface of the body. It can come out at any age, including newborn babies. The cause of inguinal hernia is frequent; it ends with the exit of any organ, especially part of the intestines, from one of the weakened areas of the abdominal wall membrane. Inguinal hernia, which is even more visible with sudden and high intra-abdominal pressure effects such as straining, coughing, sneezing, may appear less when the individual is in a lying position. Inguinal hernias cannot be treated by dieting, exercise programs, or any medications. The only treatment option is surgical operations. The cause of inguinal hernia is quite large. To give an example of some of them; progressive age factor, prostate disorders, tobacco consumption, intense and excessive sports, genetic transitive causes, premature birth, tumors.

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How Is Inguinal Hernia Surgery Performed?

Individuals with inguinal hernia should be treated with surgical intervention without wasting time. As time gets longer, hernias can get bigger and they can be taken under general anesthesia. If the inguinal hernia is small, it can be easily removed under local anesthesia. But a high percentage of inguinal hernia surgery is performed under general anesthesia. If this intervention using open surgery or closed surgery techniques is not mandatory, laparoscopic, that is, closed surgery method is preferred. In open surgery, one surgical incision of an average length of 5 cm is made in the groin area of the patient who is asleep with general anesthesia. In closed surgery method, 3 cuts of quite small length are made. From these cuts, the organs located in the herniated area are taken to the intra-abdominal area by advancing with the help of a micro-camera. It is then placed in the muscle – abdominal membrane using a patch called mesh. The aim of the anointing is to prevent re-hernia formation.


Meshes, which are located in a structure that is not rejected by the immune system, also do not cause side effects. Meshes are hernia patches produced in synthetic form. After the meshes produced in recent years, it does not need to be used in sewing. In laparoscopic surgery, the hernia is emptied, patched, and the operation is terminated. Because the cameras used are at the micro level, they do not stretch the abdominal wall. The surgeon performs the operation by watching from the monitor.


Closed surgery may not be possible for hernias that are quite large, in patients who have previously had hernia surgery, in patients who have had prostate surgery. For this reason, the only option ends with the choice of open surgery method. In this method, operations are performed just like in closed surgery. The only difference is that instead of three fairly small cuts, this time one cut is five cm long. Those who have inguinal hernia surgery should rest in a home environment and for an average of 45 days. If it is completed with closed surgery, this time is less.

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