What Is Gastric Bypass?
Gastric bypass is a weight loss surgery performed for people with an obesity rate above 40 and who do not have conditions that will prevent life. Along with this operation, it is aimed to reduce the calories that a person receives in their body.
Gastric bypass surgery basically involves bypassing a large part of the stomach. A small volume of stomach is prepared with this process, and this part is sewn into the small intestine. This surgery is a method often used in general obesity surgery. As with all obesity surgeries, the aim is to reduce the stomach, disable part of the intestines and remove some of the foods consumed from the body without being absorbed. In this way, patients get a feeling of satiety by consuming less food, and only part of the food they consume is absorbed. This, in turn, prevents weight gain.
Gastric bypass is an operation in which surgical procedures are used to create a small pouch at the top of the stomach. The pouch is then attached to your small intestine and the rest of the stomach is used as the residual part. This means that it takes less food to make you feel full, and you will absorb fewer calories from the foods you eat.
How Is Gastric Bypass Performed?
Gastric bypass surgery is performed by removing a large part of the stomach. Along with this operation, the stomach is reduced
This operation is performed under general anesthesia. Gastric bypass surgery consists of 2 important parts: in the first step, the stomach is reduced. The surgeon performs the procedure to separate the stomach into a small upper section and a larger lower section. The upper part of the stomach (called the pouch) is where the food you eat will go. The pouch is approximately the size of a walnut. Because of this, you eat less and lose weight.
The second step is the bypass Phase. The surgeon connects a small part of the small intestine to a small hole in the sac. The foods consumed go from the pouch to this new opening and into the small intestine. As a result, the calories that the body will take for it will absorb less food will also be less.
Gastric bypass can be done in two ways. By open surgery, the surgeon makes a large surgical incision to open the person’s abdomen. The bypass is performed by studying the stomach, small intestine and other organs.
Another way to do this surgery is to use a small camera called a laparoscope. This camera is placed in the patient’s abdomen. The operation is called laparoscopy. This camera allows the surgeon to see the inside of the abdomen.
In this operation:
The surgeon makes 4 to 6 small incisions in the patient’s abdomen. The tools needed to perform the operation are inserted through these cuts. The camera is connected to a video monitor in the operating room. This allows the surgeon to see the inside of the patient’s abdomen while performing the operation.